We have to look for the origins of roulette in seventeenth century France. In fact, we can attribute the invention of modern roulette to Blaise Pascal , who designed a 36-number roulette wheel (where zero was not yet displayed).
It seems that the choice of these 36 numbers is due to reasons of placement, balance and position. However, other interpretations also allude to a kind of magical condition, since the sum of the first 36 numbers results in the much-mentioned number 666.
At first, it was a game to be enjoyed privately and with friends since it was not profitable due to its proportion of prizes (1/36).
The Evolution of Roulette – Introducing ‘0’ and ’00’
However, in 1842 the Blanc brothers added a new number to the roulette wheel: 0 . This meant a significant change in the prize ratio (it was now 1/37) and increased the house edge to 2.7%.
These modifications allowed the Blanc brothers to introduce the new roulette in the Monte Carlo Casino.
Later, another roulette model appeared that had one more number, the double zero, which also meant a double benefit for the casino.
This new roulette, where the ratio is 2/38 and the house edge is 5.25, is also known as American Roulette.
In contrast to this type of roulette, the classic roulette model, which has a single 0, is known as European Roulette.
The rules of roulette are pretty straightforward. In this game, you have a wheel that is characterized with red and black squares that have numbers from 1 to 36, and one or two green squares with zero and double zero, depending on the type of roulette you play – European with a zero or American with double zero. With the exception of the wheel, you have a table with a mat where the numbers are and all the additional compartments and sectors in which you can place a bet. After all participants in the game have placed their bets on the table, the dealer spins the wheel and throws a small ball. Whichever box the ball lands on is the winning number.
- Players place their bets
- The dealer throws the ball
- The winning number is announced
Depending on the type of roulette game being played, there may be some differences in the layout of the wheel and the table, but that is nothing to worry about as it does not affect the outcome of the game in any way. Something that is important to know is the type of bets you can make when you play roulette. Let’s take a closer look at the stakes.